Travel to Paris
Day 3 Paris
Paris: The origin of the Louvre was a medieval castle, then transformed into the royal palace. With the transfer of the court to Versailles these buildings were converted into homes and were deteriorating. Napoleon I was the one who recovered the monument, also built the Arch of Triumph of Carrousel. The last building was the glass pyramid, which allows entry to the museum. It was opened as a museum in 1793.
The museum´s collections are organized into 7 departments. The first is Oriental Antiquities, with samples of Mesopotamia and Iran. The Department of Egyptian Antiquities, established in 1826 to study and show the objects moved to France during Napoleon´s campaign in Egypt, shows traces of civilizations that have occurred on the edges of the Nile from the time of Nagada, around 4000 years before our era, until the ninth century, with a major Coptic section.
Paris - Louvre Museum (Venus de Milo and capital from Apadana)
In the Department of Greek, Etruscan and Roman Antiquities illustrates the artistic activity around the Mediterranean, whose history stretches from the Neolithic period (IV millennium BC) until the sixth century of our era. Greek statues and replicas includes original works completed during the Roman era. Above all emphasize the Venus de Milo and Winged Victory of Samothrace (both of the second century BC). The art of the Cyclades, Crete and the civilizations of Mycenae is fully deployed. The Greek antiquities have also bronzes and jewelry, and especially the important group of 3500 Greek vases and terracottas. Three rooms are dedicated to Etruscan works (sarcophagi, vases, paintings and jewelry). The roman collections are characterized by statuary, mosaics, bronzes and gold and silver works.
The Department of Sculpture includes works from the Middle Ages, Renaissance and modern times. Sculptures in marble, stone, bronze and wood. The Department of Decorative Arts presents a highly varied range of objects, including jewelry, tapestries, ivories, bronzes, ceramics, and furniture. The collection extends from the Middle Ages to the first half of the 19th century. In the gallery of Apollo are the Crown Jewels of France. It also includes the apartments of Napoleon III, whose decor has been preserved from the origin in the former Ministry of Finance in the Richelieu wing.
Paris - Centre Georges Pompidou
The Department of Paintings is organized since 1794 in national schools. Retains more than 6,000 European paintings made between the end of the thirteenth century and half of the nineteenth century. The core collection consists of a group of Italian Renaissance paintings, among which several works of Leonardo da Vinci (in particular La Gioconda), Raphael and Titian. Also highlight the other European artists such as Rubens and Rembrandt. His vast collection of French paintings includes works ranging from the Middle Ages until the early nineteenth century. In the graphic arts department, and due to the weakness to light, works on paper can not be displayed in exhibitions, but there is a consultation room open to the public upon request.
In the area of Les Halles is the Forum, a modern buildind that includes bright galleries, shops, museums, cinemas, etc. Among its museums is the Oceanographic Cousteau. Nearby is the Bourse du commerce, a round building of the late nineteenth century.
Paris - Notre Dame
The National Center for Art and Culture Georges Pompidou, which opened in 1977, is notable for having into their facades the functional structural elements: green pipes are plumbing, blue ducts are for climate control, electrical wires are encased in yellow, and circulation elements and devices for safety are red. All of that allowed Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers, architects of the building, to leave the interior clear for exhibitions. The Georges Pompidou Center is a major center of modern art with nearly six million visitors a year. Highlights on his collection paintings by Picasso, Matisse, Braque, Kandinsky and Miró. Faced with the Pompidou Center is the Stravinsky fountain, a pond with 16 sculptures with movement (turning, shifting, etc.) and jets of water.
The cathedral of Notre Dame is located in the Ile de la Cité, surrounded by the waters of the Seine. After successive reconstructions, in the year 1163 the Gothic work began and ended in the first half of the fourteenth century. Highlights its main entrance, with three overlapping floors and two towers of 69 meters in height (which can be climbed and which offer a beautiful view of the city). Other items of interest are the lateral walls, the rosettes and the choir. Victor Hugo wrote in 1831 the novel "The hunchback of Notre Dame" with events occurring in this cathedral where Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned in 1804 and beatified Joan of Arc in 1909.
Paris - Sainte-Chapelle
The Sainte-Chapelle, located also in the Ile de la Cité, is a small Gothic chapel, intended to receive the crown of thorns of Christ. It was finished in the year 1284. It has two chapels, the lower une with low height (3 meters) and the higher one with high ceilings (20 meters) and large windows with stained glass of the thirteenth century. Other features are the rose and the carvings of the apostles placed on each pilaster.
The Basilica of the Sacré Cour is on the top of the hill of Montmartre and surprising resplendent whiteness of the building. It started in 1875 and was completed in 1914, being consecrated in 1919. You can climb the church through its long staircase, but it is best to use the funicular. The Church of the Sacred Heart, of Byzantine style, has an ovoid dome of 80 meters, a front door with triple arch and statues in bronze. Inside of the basilica highlights the crypt. The panoramic views over Paris from the Basilica are spectaculars.
Paris - Sacré Coeur (Sacred Heart)
Montmatre is one of the most charming neighborhoods in the city. This is a neighborhood with streets slope, stairs and cozy cafes. La Place du Tertre is a place always crowded by tourists and Parisians attracted by its terraces, its bohemian atmosphere and the air that you breathe. The square is dominated by artists who perform and sell their work outdoors. Therefore Montmartre is called the "Neighborhood of the Painters".
At the foot of Montmartre, in the Pigalle, is the Moulin Rouge, one of the most famous cabarets in the world, known for his Can-Can dancing and