Travel to Sardinia
Day 1 Barcelona - Airport of Alghero-Fertilia - Alghero (14 km)
(in 14 km) Alghero: The old town of Alghero (l´Alguer in Catalan) is of great beauty, and shows many features common to urban and architectural medieval cities the territories that were part of the Crown of Aragon. The walls and towers, where they have been preserved, are very characteristic of the city and its marina, located at the foot of the historic center.
Alghero - City Walls
Until relatively recently, most of the locals speak Algherese, a dialect of Catalan - influenced by the Sardinian and Italian. Catalan was replaced by Castilian as the official language in the seventeenth century, and in the eighteenth century by Italian.
The first system of fortifications of the city dates back to the thirteenth century. Since 1354 the city was occupied by the Catalans, who restored and extended the defense system. Most of the fortifications visible today, in fact, date back to the sixteenth century and were made by the express will of Ferdinand the Catholic, who ordered its reconstruction. Along the walls are seven towers and 3 forts.
Alghero - Cathedral of Santa Maria
In the historic center, the Cathedral of Santa Maria, begun in 1570, was opened in 1593, but it was not completed and consecrated until 1730. The original church has a Catalan Gothic style, as seen in the five chapels of the presbytery or the base of the bell tower. The nave and the two sides, however, are of late Renaissance style. In the twentieth century neoclassical narthex was added to the façade, changing abruptly its appearance.