Travel to Berlin
Day 4 Pergamon Museum, Jewish quarter
Museum Island (Museumsinsel): This island in the Spree river, which was declared world heritage by Unesco in 1999, houses five major museums. These are the Old Museum (Altes Museum), the New Museum (Neues Museum), Old National Gallery (Alte Nationalgalerie), the Pergamon Museum (Pergamonmuseum) and the Bode Museum (Bode-Museum). In the southern half of the island is also the Cathedral of Berlin (Berliner Dom).
The building of the Berlin Cathedral (Berliner Dom) was demolished in 1894 and replaced by the current Cathedral. The baroque building with Italian Renaissance influences, was designed by Julio Raschdorff. The construction of the Cathedral 114 meters long and 73 meters wide, occurred between 1894 and 1905. The dome can be visited daily. Some elements of the rich interior decoration of the church are the magnificent pipe organ built by Wilhelm Sauer, the tomb of the Great Prince-Elector from 1530, the neo-baroque pulpit and the stained glass windows designed by Anton von Werner. The altar, which was saved from the previous cathedral, dating from 1850.
The Old Museum, built between 1823 and 1830, contains collections of antiquities, papyri, sculpture and Egyptian art. The New Museum, completed in 1859 and in Restoration until 2009, hosts, among others, Egyptian and diverse collections of prehistoric character. Old National Gallery houses one of the largest collections of paintings and sculpture from the nineteenth century. The famous Bode Museum is housed in a neo-baroque building in which highlights his dome. Has a collection of sculptures, Byzantine art and an impressive numismatic collection.
Pergamon Museum: The Pergamon Museum was built in 1930 and is divided into various collections. The building wasn´t constructed to house works of art. First the works of art were placed and then, around it, the building was built. Highlight works as important as the imposing Greek Pergamon Altar, which stood in the city of the same name in Turkey today, was dedicated to Zeus and was built in the second century before Christ. Next to it is also possible to see the Market Gate of Miletus of the Roman period (120 years after Christ).
Pergamon Museum also houses the Museum of Islamic Art where highlights the Mshatta facade, the Aleppo room and other pieces of art and handicrafts of the Islamic world of the eighth century to the nineteenth century. At the Museum of the Middle East section, deserves special mention the Ishtar Gate and the Procession Way, which formed part of the Babylon of the sixth century, with the facade of the throne room of Nebuchadrezzar II. I personally believe that the visit to this museum is a must.
Scheunenviertel is a renovated neighborhood north of Berlin in which he was the Jewish community in Berlin in the Nazi era. There are some memories of that time, as the new Synagogue (Neue Synagoge), built between 1859 and 1866, which stresses its golden dome. On the Street Grosse Hamburger Strasse find a monument in memory of the thousands of Jews who were arrested here and sent to death at camps of Auschwitz and Theresienstad. Just behind is the old Jewish cemetery which was almost destroyed by the Nazis on Kristallnacht. A few meters away lies the street Sophienstrasse of the nineteenth century, which retains its restored houses and the Sophienkirche, the only one of Berlin with a baroque bell.
The worst of this travel was the comeback flight since we missed the plane. Although we arrived 37 minutes before take-off (the limit was 40 minutes), Easyjet staff told us that the flight was already closed. Although we please that they allow us to board, had no way to modify the strict German mentality. Sure that in another country they let us to board ... A good dinner, accompanied by some excellent local beers, compensated us for the disgust.